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Biography of Shaykh ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Mubārakpūrī

In anticipation of our upcoming meeting with one of the great living scholars of ḥadīth  in India, I am releasing a brief biography. I ask Allah to grant us immense barakah in this upcoming tour.

NJ Tour Mubarakpuri

Shaykh ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. ʿUbaydullah Mubārakpūrī

Born in the Indian city of Mubārakpūr, Azamghar district in UP state in 1354H, Shaykh ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Mubārakpūrī is a graduate of the esteemed Raḥmāniyyah Seminary who studied under the renowned scholars of India, starting with his father Maulānā ʿUbaydullah b. Muḥammad Raḥmānī Mubārakpūrī author of the popular 9-volume commentary on the ḥadīth work Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ entitled Mirʿāt al-Mafātīḥ. His maternal uncle and father-in-law ʿAbd al-Ṣamad b. Muḥammad Akbar was the most distinguished student of the great ḥadīth scholar Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. ʿAbd al-Raḥīm Mubārakpūrī, well-known author of the best commentary on Tirmidhī entitled Tuḥfat al-Aḥwadhī. His paternal grandfather ʿAllāmah Abul-Hudā ʿAbd al-Salām Mubārakpūrī was also a great scholar who authored a biography on Imām Bukhārī. Continue reading

Have You Ever EXPERIENCED Salah?

When was the last time you experienced Salah? Have you ever lost yourself in it? Do you know the words that you recite? Salah was the nourishment of the Prophet, what sustained him through difficult times. And so it can be for us. Listen to our special guest Shaykh AbdulNasir Jangda of Bayyinah Institute deliver some moving and inspiring words on the topic. Born and raised in Texas and having pursued Islamic studies in Pakistan, including memorizing the Qur’an, multiple degrees in Arabic and the Alim course, Shaykh AbdulNasir is a unique example of the next generation of young Muslims taking things to another level, delivering fresh perspectives and inspiring hearts and minds. [From MCMC, NJ 3-18-2010 click to listen]

Summary Points on Taqwa

  • Among the most essential and repeated commandments in Islam is taqwā
  • Allah commands us to have taqwā to the best of our ability [al-Taghābun 16], which implies that taqwā is a general and non-specific obligation that is flexible and relative, varying by situation and circumstance. This verse also teaches us that our responsibility for fulfilling commands is dependent upon our ability and capacity. Therefore, we should fulfill our obligations to the best of our capacity and as much as we possibly can, leaving the rest to Allah’s mercy. Conversely, if we suffer from lack of capacity in some aspect of the obligation, that doesn’t absolve us of the entire obligation. An example is the prayer, which must be prayed standing or, if unable to stand, by sitting or, and if unable to sit, by lying down, etc.
  • Taqwā also necessitates that we be truthful and straightforward in our speech [al-Aḥzāb 70], for speech is among the greatest weakness of human beings and the cause for many of them to enter the Hellfire. Continue reading

Celebrate Ramadan

Autumn LeavesThe ending of Ramadan is marked by festivities and cheers by all. Even those who don’t pray or fast do celebrate Eid. But why do we reserve our smiles and cheers for the end of Ramadan? This is a month of celebration, from beginning to end, and on each and every day. Farah (joy) is the flavor of this month. [click here to listen] (Based upon the editorial from the current Jumuah magazine)

Prophetic Training in Sabr

207421353Having concluded our lessons this week in the Chapter of Sabr in Riyadh al-Saliheen, we present a summary of these valuable gems and lessons. [Click here for a pdf version of these]


Prophetic Training in Ṣabr

from Imām al-Nawawīʼs Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn

  • Life is accompanied by ups and downs, health and illness, prosperity and adversity
  • The teachings of Sabr orient and train the believers to deal with day-to-day life
  • There are 4 levels of human response to calamity and tragedy, arranged in order of closeness to Allah:
  • Displeasure/annoyance [natural default reaction, most common]
  • Patience [advised for believers]
  • Contentment [only real believers can experience this]
  • Gratitude [the highest stage of belief]
  • 3 basic types of Sabr: In dealing with tribulations (lowest level), in refraining from sin, and in the obedience of Allah (highest level)
  • Allah commands sabr in the Qur’an, gives glad tidings to its practitioners, and rewards it without limits
  • The Prophet described sabr as illumination and warmth for our lives (ḍiyā), and the absolute greatest provision granted to a believer
  • The Prophet advised sabr over begging for those in need, pointing out that real poverty and richness is that of the heart
  • Sabr allows the believer to always be in a good state, for he/she adopts gratitude (shukr) in prosperity and sabr in adversity, the 2 states of life
  • The Prophet endured harsher trials than other human beings in every aspect of his life (including illness and disease), and the only wisdom behind that is to earn the great reward and status of sabr
  • Natural crying does not negate sabr, for the Prophet cried and attributed it to the natural mercy created by Allah
  • The Prophet taught us to place things in perspective when dealing with calamities- the comforting reality that all things belong to Allah and that everything, no matter how difficult, is temporary, and advised us to be patient and anticipate its reward
  • Importance of intention in sabr (anticipating reward brings additional rewards above atonement of sins, but bearing difficulties because you have no choice is not necessarily the sabr that is rewarded-although Allah may reward it if He chooses)
  • Sabr must be voluntary and conscious
  • Sabr must be at the first strike
  • The Prophets were the most patient people on earth
  • Every iota of suffering, however big or small, serves as atonement for a believers sins; the Prophet likened it to leaves falling from a tree; it is even possible for some to wind up meeting Allah with no sins at all due to their suffering
  • Don’t consider any aspect of your life insignificant, for good comes out even a thornprick
  • It is a good sign that one is afflicted with suffering
  • Wishing for death prohibited, for it is a sign of extreme impatience and questioning the wisdom of Allah’s decree; if one cannot help it, then it should be in vague terms that as for good and resign one’s trust in Allah
  • What leads to success, victory and achieving ones goals is sabr, along with long-term strategic planning
  • The Prophet would remind his tortured Companions in Makkah to have sabr and assure them that victory and peace would surely prevail one day
  • Anger is the opposite of sabr, and sabr demands that one avoid anger to the best of one’s ability
  • Among the tools that mitigate anger is the istiadhah supplication (seeking refuge in Allah from Shaytan)
  • Those who restrain their rage while having the capacity to act it out will have tremendous rewards in the Hereafter
  • The Prophet advised us to avoid anger
  • Avoiding anger has 3 meanings- avoid the means that lead to it, restrain it when it does occur, and never act out of anger
  • When your rights are deprived, be patient and don’t let that hinder you from fulfilling the rights of others
  • Don’t ask for suffering and don’t desire to meet the enemy in battle but always ask for peace and safety and health; but when you do meet your enemy be firm and steadfast, knowing Paradise awaits you